What is hypoglycaemia?
Hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels, typically defined as blood sugar levels below 70 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per litre (mmol/L).
Symptoms include weakness, dizziness, and fatigue. Athletes with diabetes, particularly those on insulin, often face the challenge of hypoglycemia. Children and adolescents are more susceptible than adults.
In everyday situations, early signs of hypoglycemia can usually be addressed by consuming foods containing 15 grams of quickly-absorbed carbohydrates, such as glucose.
However, during or after intense exercise, further 15 gram doses might be needed to treat exercise-induced hypoglycemia. It's essential to recognise the individual variations in symptoms and risks, and to consult with healthcare professionals for personalised guidance.