What are monosaccharides?
Monosaccharides are the most basic form of carbohydrates, consisting of single sugar molecules. They are the building blocks of more complex carbohydrates like disaccharides and polysaccharides. Examples of monosaccharides include glucose, fructose, and galactose.
Glucose is often referred to as blood sugar, as it's the primary energy source for the body's cells.
Fructose, found in fruits and honey, is another common monosaccharide that is sweeter than glucose.
Unlike complex carbohydrates, monosaccharides are easily absorbed into the bloodstream, providing a quick source of energy. They play a vital role in metabolism and are essential for various bodily functions, including energy production and the synthesis of other important molecules.
Like all other carbohydrates, monosaccharides contain 4 calories of energy per gram.